University Learners’ Lexical Cohesion Techniques Focusing on English and Kurdish Languages
Keywords:Cohesion, Lexical Cohesion, Coherent, Reiteration, Collocation, Kurdish Lexical Cohesion
This research aimed to analyze the role and significance of lexical cohesion in making sentences more coherent. The research also seeks on comparing the Kurdish and English lexical cohesions respectively. For doing that, the research found out that both departments of English and Kurdish languages have more familiarity with the use and functions of reiteration than the collocations. The total number of cases of reiteration in the English department was 29, in the Kurdish department was 23, however, the number of collocations in the English department was 30, but in the Kurdish department were only 3 cases. Because both languages do have lexical cohesion academically, the cause of the limited number of collocations in the Kurdish department refers to the lack of students' skills of writing and their familiarity with the lexical cohesion usages. Students of the Kurdish department have more familiarity merely with reiteration than collocations. Therefore, they ought to study the elements of lexical cohesion to make their writings more coherent and meaningful.
Bahaziq, A. (2016). Cohesive devices in written discourse: A discourse analysis of a student’s essay writing. Retrieved on February 16, 2022 from https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1101750.pdf
Ali, W.I. (2021). The concept of cohesion and coherence in modern linguistics concerning English and Kurdish. International Journal of Social Sciences & Educational Studies, 8(4), 276-286.
Al-Khalidy, H.O. (2018). The use of conjunctions as grammatical cohesion in the speeches of Her Majesty Queen Rania of Jordan. International Journal of Applied Linguistics & English Literature, 7(5), 207-211
Chanyoo, N. (2018). Cohesive devices and academic writing quality of Thai undergraduate students. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 9(5), 994-1001.
Dania, R. (2018). Cohesion in the abstract of the theses written by undergraduate students of English education program.
Hellalet, N. (2013). Reiteration Relations in EFL Student Writing: The Case of Moroccan University Students. English Language Teaching, 6(11), 160-166.
Hubackova, S., & Klimova, B.F. (2014). Grammatical cohesion in abstracts. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 116, 664-668.
Karadeniz, A. (2017). Cohesion and coherence in written texts of students of faculty of education. Retrieved on April 5, 2022 from https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1125748.pdf
Li, J. (2013). The application and significance of discourse cohesion and analysis in practical teaching of foreign language. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 3(8), 1393-1398.
Liyana, C.I. (2014). Cohesion and coherence in English education students’ thesis. Englisia, 192), 281-296.
Orji, E.C., & Enyi, A.U. (2019). Lexical cohesion in non-fictional narrative as discourse: A study of Ngugi Wa Thiong’O’s decolonizing the mind. International Journal of Education & Literacy Studies, 7(3), 83-90.
Salih, R.R. (2014). A comparative study of English and Kurdish connectives in newspaper opinion articles. Retrieved on April 5, 2022 from https://www.kurdipedia.org/files/books/2017/101437.PDF
Silvia, A. (2010). Grammatical and lexical cohesion. Retrieved on April 1, 2022 from https://www.academia.edu/2344329/Grammatical_and_Lexical_Cohesion
Treuer, K.V., & McLeod, J. (2013). Towards a cohesive theory of cohesion. International Journal of Business and Social Research, 3(12), 1-11.
Wang, J. (2019). Lexical cohesion in research articles. Linguistics and Literature Studies 7(1), 1-12.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Mustafa Altun, Soran Abdullah, Bander Hamad Wsen, Sahand Said Qadir, Lava Omar Ismail
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
All articles published by CJESS are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. This license permits third parties to copy, redistribute, remix, transform and build upon the original work provided that the original work and source is appropriately cited.