Investigating the Status of the Consumer Science Curriculum in Accommodating Learners with Special Educational Needs


  • Dumisa Mabuza University of Eswatini, Eswatini
  • Bukisile Makhanya University of Eswatini, Eswatini
  • Temalangeni Dlamini University of Eswatini, Eswatini
  • Mbuyazwe Dlamini University of Eswatini, Eswatini



Learners with Special Educational Needs (LSEN), Inclusive Education, Curriculum and Limitations


The implementation of inclusive education in Eswatini schools has encountered challenges, particularly the low academic performance of learners with special educational needs (LSEN) integrated into mainstream classrooms. Given the curriculum's role as the cornerstone of education, this study aimed to determine whether the curriculum, in its entirety, considering each of the ten curriculum concepts outlined in Van den Akker's curricular spider web, accommodates these learners. The study employed a descriptive design and utilized a mixed methods approach. Two data collection methods were employed: semi-structured interviews and survey questionnaires. The findings revealed that the curriculum exhibits certain limitations in accommodating LSEN. These limitations can be categorized into teacher-related, pupil-related, school-related, and content-related factors. Based on the findings, it is recommended that the curriculum undergo a comprehensive review, taking into account all ten curriculum concepts. Additionally, the concept of inclusive education should be incorporated into the school syllabus to raise awareness among students. Schools should be provided with inclusion specialists to offer teacher and learner support for LSEN, and Consumer Science teachers should receive inclusion training at the undergraduate level.


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How to Cite

Mabuza, D., Makhanya, B., Dlamini, T., & Dlamini, M. (2024). Investigating the Status of the Consumer Science Curriculum in Accommodating Learners with Special Educational Needs . Canadian Journal of Educational and Social Studies, 4(3), 34–49.